Dr. Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis
Dr. Sigmund Freud is a psychoanalyst born on May 6, 1856. He was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis. Through dialogues and talks between the patient and the psychoanalyst, a psychopathology in a clinical method is done. While creating psychoanalysis, Freud has developed many therapeutic techniques like the concepts of free association and discovered transference as well. Psychoanalysis was first used by Freud in treating patients in 1896.
Freud’s “most significant work”, Die Traumdeutung (The Interpretation of Dreams) came into view in November 1899. This triggered the development of psychoanalysis in various paths. These developers were mostly Freud’s students like Alfred Adler, Carl Gustav Jung and the neo-Freudians such as Karen Horney, Harry Stack Sullivan and Eric Fromm. But Freud managed to maintain the name psychoanalysis.
Through psychoanalysis, the analyst concludes the unconscious problems and conflicts that causes the patient’s symptoms and character disorders. The patients must deliberate their thoughts along with the free association fantasies and dreams in order to be inferred by the analysts. Interpreting the transference and countertransference is included in this analysis of conflicts and problems. The analyst encounters the patients’ pathological defenses in order for them to receive help and gain insights.
Psychoanalysis is a discipline that is still being scientifically questioned. Despite that, it continues to have as a strong significance in psychiatry. It is also used a lot outside the therapeutic arena, such as in the fields psychoanalytic literary criticism, in the deconstruction of film and analysis, fairy tales and more cultural phenomena.
Though it was declined as a diagnostic and clinical practice, Freud’s psychoanalysis remained influential in psychology, psychiatry and psychotherapy. It also created extensive and contested arguments concerning its therapeutic efficiency. Freud’s mind and body of work make this play all the more interesting.